CD Video (1988 – 1992)

CD Video (CDV) was a format launched in 1988 by Philips that combined the technologies of the Compact Disc and LaserDisc.

Three sizes of CD Video disc were available with the smallest disc being the same size as a Compact Disc.  The larger sizes were 8-inches (mainly used for music video compilations), and 12-inches (used for longer music video compilations and feature films).

The small 5-inch discs contained up to 20 minutes worth of audio information (around 4-5 tracks) that could be played on any audio Compact Disc player. They also contained up to 5 minutes of analogue video (with digital sound) which could be played back on a newer LaserDisc or CD Video player. The first such player was the Pioneer CLD-1010 from 1987, with Philips launching a player capable of playing all sizes of CD Video disc in 1988 (the CDV 475) as well as a smaller machine capable of playing just the 5-inch CD Video discs and audio Compact Discs.

CD Video discs have a distinctive gold colour, to differentiate them from regular silver-coloured Compact Discs.

Over 170 CD Video titles were released, but the format met with limited success as a LaserDisc or CD Video player was required to play the video portion. CD Video disappeared from the the US and European markets around 1990, but continued to be popular in Japan until 1992. Philips along with other collaborators, introduced Video CD in 1993.

A version of CD Video called Video Single Disc (VSD) was also released, but this only had a LaserDisc analogue video track and no Compact Disc audio tracks.


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