Super 8 (1965 – )

Super 8 is a film format introduced by Eastman Kodak in 1965 as an improvement on standard 8mm film.

The perforations are smaller than previous 8mm film, and this allowed an oxide strip for magnetic sound recording, which was introduced in 1973.

The blank film comes in plastic light-proof cartridges containing coaxial supply and take-up spools loaded with 50 feet (15 m) of film, with 72 frames per foot, enough for 3 minutes and 20 seconds of continuous filming at 18 frames per second for amateur use. Coded notches cut into the cartridge exterior allowed the camera to recognize the film speed automatically.

Super 8 was intended for the creation of amateur films, but condensed versions of popular cinema releases were available on Super 8 until the mid-1980s for projection at home. These were generally edited to fit onto a 200 ft (61 m) or 400 ft (120 m) reel, and some had magnetic sound.

Although Super 8 has largely been superseded by video tape, it is still use for some film making, music videos, and special sequences for television when seeking to imitate the look of old home movies, or create a stylishly grainy look.

Sources / Resources

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Preservation / Migration

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