VCR (Video Cassette Recording) was developed by Philips and introduced in 1972 in the UK and mainland Europe. It was the first successful video cassette recorder aimed at the domestic market, even though it cost the the equivalent of a small car when introduced.
It used a large cassette with reels on top of each other, and half-inch chrome dioxide tape. Initial playing times were up to 60 minutes, although the 60 minute tapes (VC60) could be unreliable due to the thinness of the tape used.
The VCR format introduced many of the features of later video cassette recorders such as piano-key controls, a clock with timer, and a built-in tuner for recording television programmes.
VCR-LP (long-play) was introduced later, to increase recording time (up to three hours on an LVC180 cassette), but although the tapes were identical, recordings were incompatible between the two formats. VCR-LP used a different recording system (slant azimuth) which allowed for slower tape speed.
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