Video singles had been around since 1983 with the release of the Human League Video Single on VHS and Betamax, but around 1999 DVD singles were introduced as a replacement. Early DVD singles included No Angel by Dido and No Distance Left to Run by Blur. Unlike DVD-Audio releases, these were meant purely as video singles and not as higher-quality audio discs.
In the UK, DVD single sales could be included in official singles chart sales figures but even so they were not all that popular. Some artists instead made their music videos available as enhanced content on the CD album, or on a separate DVD-Video packaged with the album.
The peak year for UK releases of DVD singles according to Discogs was 2005 with 42 releases, and 2003 in US with just 23 releases. They were more popular in Japan, and continue to be released.
The last DVD single released in the UK appears to have been The Flood by Take That in 2010.