VHS-C is a smaller version of VHS, and was introduced by JVC in 1982 for use in analogue camcorders.
Because it uses the same tape as VHS, VHS-C cassettes can be played back in a VHS machine by use of an adaptor.
VHS-C’s main competitor was Video8, and a fairly evenly-matched battle took place between then during the 1980s. However while Video8 had capacities up to 120 minutes in SP mode, VHS-C only had up to 60 minutes.
Later, a higher quality version was introduced, S-VHS-C, which was compatible with S-VHS.