Video Tape by Form

Magnetic tape formats for use in video tape recorders (VTRs) and video cassette recorders (VCRs), including analogue and digital video for consumer and broadcast use.

Dates are approximate and refer to availability in the UK or Europe where known, otherwise for US or elsewhere.

Open reel tapes

2-inch Ampex video tape in comparison to 1-inch Type CAmpex 2-inch helical scan video tape (1961 – 1970) | Sony EV 1-inch open reel video tape (1964 – early 1970s) | Akai ¼-inch open reel video tape (1969 – late 1970s) | EIAJ-1 ½-inch open reel video tape (1969 – early 1980s) | 1-inch Type B (1975 – 1980s) | 1-inch Type C (1976 – mid 1990s)

Cartridges (single reel)

EIAJ-2 (1972 – late 1970s)

Cassettes (coaxial reels)

Cartrivision (1972 – 1973) | Video Cassette Recording (VCR) (1972 – 1979) | VX (1975 – 1977) | Super Video Recording (SVR) (1979)

Cassettes (adjacent reels)

¾-inch tape

U-matic (1973 – 1990s) | U-matic S (1974 – 1990s) | U-matic SP (1986 – late 1990s) | D1 (1987 – 1990s) | D2 (1988 – 2000s)

½-inch tape

Comparison of different types of Betacam cassettesV-Cord (1972 – late 1970s) | VHS (Video Home System) (1977 – late 2000s) | Betamax (1978 – 1988) | Video 2000 / Video Compact Cassette (1979 – 1988) | Betacam (1982 – 1990s) | Compact VHS (VHS-C) (1982 – late 2000s) | SuperBeta (1985 – 1988) | Betacam SP (1986 – 2001) | MII (1986 – early 1990s) | S-VHS (1987 – early 2000s) | S-VHS-C (1987 – early 2000s) | Extended Definition Beta (1988 – early 1990s) | Digital Betacam (1993 – 2016) | D5 /D5 HD (1994 – late 2000s) | Digital-S / D-9 (1995 – early 2000s) | Betacam SX (1996 – 2007) | HDCAM (1997 – 2016) | D-VHS (1998 – 2007) | MPEG IMX (2001 – 2016) | D-Theater (2002 – 2004) | HDCAM SR (2003 – 2016)

8mm tape

Video8 (1985 – 2000s) | Hi8 (1989 – 2007) | Sony Ruvi (1998 – 1999) | Digital 8 (1999 – 2007)

¼-inch tape

MiniDV (front, with packaging)Compact Video Cassette (CVC) (1980 – 1983) | MiniDV (1995 – late 2000s) | DVCPRO (1995 – early 2010s) | DVCAM (1996 – ) | HDV (2003 – 2011)

3.8mm tape

MicroMV (2001 – 2006)